How to save your pet on driving car

images-40Sensible drivers buckle in themselves and their children before starting the motor. But what about their dog’s safety? Many drivers simply command their pets to jump into the backseat, the pickup’s cargo bed or even onto their laps. Lap dogs they should never be. In fact, dogs shouldn’t be anywhere near our laps when we’re driving, safety experts and pet advocates say. But many drivers ignore the safety risks and allow their dogs to roam freely in cars.

That can be a big mistake, says Dr. Kimberly May, a veterinarian since 1994 and the director of professional and public affairs at the American Veterinary Medical Association in Schaumburg, Illinois.

“Even a low-speed crash can cause injury to unrestrained dogs,” she says. “There are all kinds of prominences inside a car, so depending on what structures they hit, dogs can suffer broken ribs, broken legs or eye injuries. They can hit the windshield or be thrown outside of the car.

“A dog riding on a driver’s lap can interfere with driving, climbing down into the footwell, or otherwise distracting the driver,” May says. “In a crash, the dog could be suffocated or crushed by a deployed airbag or thrown into the windshield.”

Harness and Seatbelt Are Best
May says that the best restraint for dogs is a good harness and a seatbelt. A properly secured crate is a close second — but crates can have drawbacks, too.

“If the crate is too big for a dog, the dog can still be hurt slamming against the sides of the crate, even in a low-speed crash,” she says. The best choice seems to be an individual restraint, such as a good-quality, properly fitted harness.

“Crates are all right,” agrees Dr. Thomas Scherer, a Fountain Valley, California, veterinarian who has been in practice for 40 years. “But are you going to secure the crate well enough? With the forces that happen in car accidents, will the crate hold?”

A harness and seatbelt are a better solution, he says. “Do the same for dogs that you would do for people.”

Dangerous for Drivers
Of course, injuries to dogs aren’t the only reason to properly restrain four-legged automobile passengers. They can put humans at risk, too.

In an August 2010 survey by AAA and pet-travel products company Kurgo, nearly a third of 1,000 dog-owning drivers admitted they’d been distracted by their dogs and 21 percent allowed their dogs to sit in their lap. Five percent played with their pets as they drove. These and other behaviors can distract the driver and increase the risk of a crash. The AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety found that looking away from the road for only 2 seconds doubles crash risk.

The exact number of accidents caused every year by such dogs is unknown, but Paws to Click, which seeks to educate drivers about riding with unrestrained dogs, puts the number at about 30,000 accidents annually.

There are very few laws making it illegal to drive with a pet in your lap, though several states’ legislators have proposed such bans in recent years. Hawaii is an exception: It explicitly bars drivers from having any “person, animal or object” in their laps while driving.

Driving with a dog in your lap could, however, be considered illegal in several states under distracted driving statutes.

The danger posed to humans by an unrestrained pet can be big even if the pet isn’t. In a USA Today storyabout drivers distracted by unrestrained dogs, an AAA official said a 10-pound dog would strike at 50 times its weight in a crash at 50 mph. And that’s not the only danger to humans, since an unrestrained pet can hamper a rescue, cause another accident or hurt rescue personnel.

Outside Dangers
And don’t even think about letting dogs ride with their heads out the window, even if they’re restrained. May says that if the restraint allows a dog to hang its head out the window, it’s probably an indication that it would not sufficiently protect the dog from injury if a collision occurs.

Also, she says, “Dogs with their heads hanging out of the window are at risk of injury to their eyes, nose, ears, mouth and face from airborne debris.”

As dangerous as riding unrestrained inside a vehicle can be for dogs, doing so in the bed of a pickup can be even worse because animals can jump or be thrown at high speed. An AVMA paper puts it this way: “Dogs transported in open truck beds are at risk of severe injury.” They can suffer critical, multiple fractures and abrasions.

Several states bar dogs from being transported in the bed of a pickup unsafely or inhumanely, and still others, including Connecticut, New Hampshire and Oregon, require that dogs carried in pickup beds berestrained.

Heat Risks
Riding unrestrained isn’t the only danger to pets in cars, however. Being left unattended in vehicles also can be harmful and even deadly, especially when the weather turns warm.

“Heat prostration can be a lot more serious than it looks because some things don’t happen right away,” says Scherer, the California vet. “It takes maybe three or four days for organ-function problems to become an issue. But there are things that happen right away that are really bad (such as) seizures and serious central nervous system problems.”

Owners should never leave pets in a car unattended, even on a temperate day, May says. “People don’t realize that on a 70-degree day, the temperature inside the car could reach 110 degrees or higher. On a 60-degree day, it could get up to 100 or higher. Unless you’re taking your pet to the vet or traveling with your pet, just leave him at home.

How to find the best on car loans for you

unduhan-25Zero percent loans-are-often advertised as one of the best deals you can get when you’re buying a new car. You’ll sometimes hear people call such financing “free money.” It’s not that exactly, but it’s as close as you’re likely to get.

Zero-percent loans tend to grab attention, but they make up only about 9 percent of the dealer-financed car loans in to date, according to Edmunds data.

Provided you can qualify for a zero-percent car loan, it sounds like a no-brainer. But is it really a good deal? Are there any catches? And if you were planning on paying cash, is it even worth considering?

How Can It Be Zero Percent?
Zero-percent loans are typically offered by automakers’ financing companies. They forgo the money they would have made on loans with interest in favor of selling more of a particular vehicle. This financing incentive can spark sales of a slow-selling vehicle or help clear out inventory to make room for cars from the new model year.

“The availability of zero-percent deals follow a pretty rigid pattern,” says Jeremy Acevedo, senior analyst for Zero-percent offers peak in the summer months to stimulate sales for the outgoing model year and stay “relatively subdued” in the other months, he says.

Carmakers advertise the no-interest loans in commercials, at dealerships or on their websites. We suggest taking a look at Edmunds’ Incentives and Rebates page. It highlights zero-percent financing offers and other promotions for the month.

Sometimes a dealership will offer its own version of zero-percent financing. In this case, the dealership opts to pay the interest on your loan, either to sweeten a deal or as an incentive for you to make a large down payment. It typically occurs when a buyer already qualifies for a loan with a low annual percentage rate (APR) and the amount being financed is a figure the dealer deems reasonable.

How To Qualify
Zero-percent loans are typically reserved for buyers with excellent credit. The fine print on automaker websites often says things like “for qualified buyers” or “based on Tier One credit.” The language doesn’t really spell out what that means in terms of FICO scores. And the range itself can vary from one automaker to another, so we suggest calling the dealership to see what the requirements are.

Just what is “Tier One” credit, for example? It’s a FICO of 690-719, according to one Washington state Toyota dealership that posted its credit tiers online. But that’s just one brand and one dealership’s numbers. According to credit services company Experian, 752 is the average credit score associated with loans that have an APR of less than 1 percent. As a general rule however, if your FICO score is above 700, you should be able to get a zero-percent loan.

If your score is slightly lower, zero-percent offers are still worth looking into. There have been cases of people getting approved because of a solid history of making payments on time and loyalty to a car brand — despite having a lower credit score.

Bonus Cash or Zero-Percent Loan?
There are times when the automaker gives consumers a choice between bonus cash or a loan with a very low interest rate. The bonus cash would usually be the way to go, but when it comes to zero-percent loans, the cash would have to be sufficient to offset the finance charges the buyer is saving.

For example, let’s say you were buying a $25,000 car with a $1,000 down payment and you’ve qualified for a loan with an interest rate of 3.5 percent. You then have a choice: a bonus cash incentive or a zero-percent loan with no additional discount. It would take an incentive of about $2,500 to beat the zero-percent loan offer. Any amount of bonus cash less than $2,500 makes the zero-percent loan the better option. Use thiscalculator to input your own scenarios and see what option works best for you.

There’s also a third option to consider. Increasingly, consumers are taking the bonus cash and then refinancing the interest-bearing loan at a lower rate later, says Melinda Zabritski, senior director of automotive finance for Experian.

What’s in It for a Cash Buyer?
If you planned on buying a car for cash, there might still be some value in taking out a zero-percent loan. The biggest benefit is that it allows you to keep your money free for other purposes, such as an emergency fund or for investment. There is no penalty for paying off the loan early. Having financed a car appears as a positive mark on your credit report. Buying for cash doesn’t show up at all.

In some cases, the dealerships may be getting an incentive from the automaker to promote a zero-percent loan, so taking the dealer’s financing may help you obtain a better price on the vehicle. The automaker typically pays the dealership a bonus on the back end of the deal, which in turn would allow it to be more flexible with the price. It isn’t a common occurrence, but something you should be aware of in case it comes up.

Fast Sell Your Car Tips

unduhan-26Selling your car today is a different experience than it was 10 or 15 years ago, thanks to the tools available on the Internet. Online appraisal tools and Internet classified ads have made the process faster and more convenient. has an in-depth 10-step guide to selling your car, but this article condenses the selling process into five simple steps that can help you turn your used car into cash in the shortest time possible. You can also print out this article and use it as a checklist to keep you on track.

1. Research and Price Your Car
Picking the right asking price can mean the difference between getting multiple calls right off the bat and having your phone not ring at all. In order to come up with an effective asking price, you’ll first need to find out what the car is worth and how much other people are asking for similar cars. The Edmunds used carsection has an appraisal tool that you can use to get a True Market Value (TMV®) private-party price. This figure is adjusted for a number of factors including mileage, condition, options and the region in which the car is being sold.

Next, search for vehicles similar to yours at online classified sites such as, Craigslist andeBay Classifieds. This will give you a better idea of the price range for your particular model and whether the number you had in your head is in the ballpark. Then, use the same technique you see at department stores to price your car competitively. In other words, if you’re thinking of a $20,000 asking price, list the car at $19,900. Finally, be sure to leave a little wiggle room when setting the price. Ask for more than what you actually want to get for the car and keep in mind that people tend to negotiate in big chunks ($500-$1,000) rather than small increments ($100-$200). Set your price accordingly.

An alternate method would be to take your car to CarMax for an appraisal. CarMax’s offer is good for seven days and you can use its estimate as a baseline for your asking price. Or if you’re comfortable with the offer, you can accept it and save yourself the rest of the steps.

2. Advertise Your Car is one of the more commonly used sites, but it charges a fee to list your car. You can save a few bucks by advertising for free on eBay Classifieds or Craigslist. Or you can cast the widest net by having both an ad and a free classified ad. If you deal with Craigslist, we suggest you take a look at its tips to avoid scams. It is also good advice for any online classifieds site.

You should consider other ways of advertising, such as posting a “For Sale” sign in the car’s window. This tried-and-true technique can still yield results. It’s also common these days to use Facebook or Twitter to let your friends know you are selling your car.

When you post your ad online, make sure you upload plenty of photos of the car from all angles. As you write the description, make sure to mention if the car has any scratches, dents or mechanical issues. Follow the steps in this article if you need help with the photos. You can also use a few key phrases to communicate how eager you are to sell the car. “OBO” (“or best offer”) indicates that you are willing to entertain offers below the stated price. “Asking price” communicates the feeling that you will negotiate. “Firm” is less common, but it indicates that you aren’t in a hurry to sell the car — you are most interested in getting your price.

You can also upload a video of the car to YouTube so potential buyers can do a virtual walk-around of the car. Include a link in your Craigslist or eBay listing (AutoTrader doesn’t permit links, unfortunately).

Another alternative is online peer-to-peer car selling and buying, including such companies as Beepi, Carvana, Tred and Zipflip. Each operates a little differently, so check the sites for details of their policies and services for sellers and buyers.

3. Show Your Car
If you’ve done all the previous steps, you should receive a number of calls about the car. Now someone wants to see it in person. Bear in mind that when you sell your car, people will not only be evaluating the car, but also the person who owns it. Buyers will feel more comfortable if they know you took good care of the car and answer their questions openly. Make sure the car has been washed and that you’ve removed all your belongings from the inside. It is also a good idea to have your maintenance records ready to show interested parties.

Potential buyers will want to test-drive the car. Ride along with them so you can answer questions. Some buyers will want to take the car to a mechanic to have it inspected. If you have a report from your mechanic, this might put their doubts to rest. But if they still want to take the car to their mechanic, this is a reasonable request.

How to Tell When Your Brakes Need Changing

If you know your car well, you can anticipate repairs. Aside from taking your vehicle to a repair shop for regular brake maintenance every ten thousand to twenty thousand miles, there are some things to listen and feel for that will help you know when a replacement may be needed. A maintenance check should be made immediately if you have to squeak or grinding upon stopping, if your cars pull to one side in correlation with stopping, or if you feel it is taking longer for you to come to a complete stop. Below are signs that you should have your car brakes changed.

1. Differences or changes in the way a pedal feels when pressed

The pedal itself can tell you a lot about the current functioning condition of the car’s system. Differences or changes in the way a pedal feels when pressed are a big indicator that replacements are short. While a car is at rest, if the pedal feels spongy, you should take a trip to a car care specialist, or if the pedal sinks slowly to the floor, you should also schedule an immediate maintenance check preferably with a shop that focuses on this intricate safety system.

2. The reaction of the pedal to applied pressure

A difference that occurs of pressure that must be applied or a difference in how the pedal reacts to pressure are also signs that you should go on down to your friendly replacement specialist. You should also exercise preventative care if you feel it is taking you too long to come to a complete stop. In either case, give as much detail or description as possible when relaying the information. This will speed up the diagnostic process and perhaps save you a diagnostic fee.

3. When your car steering wheel jerks upon slowing or stopping

If your steering wheel jerks upon slowing or stopping or if your pedal pulsates, the damage is occurring, and a trip to a mechanic is in your near future. Certainly any new sounds such as squealing, grinding, vibrating or whizzing in unison with the application of or pressure to the pedal mandates further and immediate investigation by a professional.

4. Squeaking of your car brakes

The squeaking of your car brakes may also be an indicator of the need for changing. You may not have noticed that your brake pads have already been worn out. The indicator strips in your car are intended to alert you to the need to change your brake pads. Unnecessary wear of the brakes should never be assumed. The pads should be immediately changed to prevent the damage from affecting other parts. During your inspection, you should also be on the lookout for any loose or missing hardware. Ever check if brake components remain too tight that moving them by hand would be difficult to do. Loose or missing equipment that is not attended to could also be culprits of the annoying sound.

5. Malfunction of the brake equipment

The failure to replace brakes on time could also cause damage to the drums. Consequently, this also triggers a malfunction in the brake equipment. Without a doubt, noisy brakes are just one of the problems you should worry about. The damage to the rotors or drums could jeopardize your safety while riding the vehicle. Before you take your ride, make sure all the damaged rotors have already been replaced. malfunctioning of brakes are found to be the core reason for various personal injuries and highway accidents.

Some repairs for your vehicle can be prolonged, some are even considered an owner’s choice, but it is sheer negligence to put off suspicions surrounding your car’s brakes. This system is the most valuable part of a vehicle when it comes to your safety’s concern, and while it is certainly understandable that you want to keep your car in tip-top running shape, perhaps you should consider keeping it in tip top stopping shape as well.

Common Objects that Cause Windshield Breakage on the Highway

Your car’s windshield has a major chip or crack from debris on the highway. In turn, this causes an obstruction and you are involved in a major accident. Who’s at fault? What are your rights? In addition to knowing what you should do, if you or your vehicle suffers any for of damage because of debris or items on the highway, you need to have a law firm on your side to represent you. Find out why the right firm will not only work to ensure you are compensated, but also that you aren’t found to be at fault, if the obstruction, crack, or chip which caused the accident, wasn’t your fault.

Small items –
Yes, something as small as a pebble or rock can cause major damage to your windshield on the highway. Due to the high speeds, and these items flying at your car at extremely high speeds, even a small object can do major damage with enough force. Road debris, small rocks from road construction, and small items which are hard or abrasive in nature, are all responsible for major damage to car windshields. So make sure you are always on the lookout for these items when on the road.

Trash or liter –
Items littered onto the highway can cause damage or cracks. From food wrappers (with heavy items left in them) to trash falling out of a dumpster truck, these items tend to cause damage to windshields as well. Add in the fact that you might go over a huge bump or divot in the road, and that small crack can instantly become a major crack or break. So when driving, it is important to avoid trash, large objects, or items which are loose (such as trash or debris from dumpster trucks).

Luggage or furniture –
If you’ve ever seen a sofa or dining room table on the side of the highway, you are probably aware of how much damage these large items can do to your car. And yes, they do fall off pick up trucks or other moving trucks on the highway. Not only do these large items tend to cause breaks or cracks to the windshield of your car, they can lead to major accidents depending on the speed they fall out of a truck, and the traffic which follows. So if at all possible, do not stay behind items which have a load in the back, and if you have to, make sure you maintain a safe driving speed and distance away from the truck, to give yourself enough time to stop and prevent or minimize the damage which might ensue.

Sometimes you can avoid the damage, but in some instances, especially on the highway with such high speeds, it is impossible for you to do so. For this reason, one has to know the dangers, know how to spot them, and make sure they are extremely careful each time they get behind the wheel, in order to avoid the damage, breaks, and other possible issues which can occur from something as small as a pebble on the road.

Ask Three Questions When Filing a Claim with Your Insurance Company

Filing an auto insurance claim is somewhat similar to filing a report at the police station. The process is not as easy as you may think. A lot of things will need to be considered in the event, which means that you must be keen to fill the claim accordingly. But how can you make that happen? This guide will help you discover how you can fill an auto insurance claim with less difficulty.

1. What should I do after the accident?

When it comes to filing a claim, the first most thing you need to consider is what is required by the insurance claim after the supposed accident. Where you injured in the event? What about your vehicle, how will it be removed from the road to prevent traffic jam? Most of the states will require you to take care of these factors before you start filing the claim.

Before the insurance company can start processing your claim, they will need to have a huge amount of information that proves you qualify for the claim. You might also want to exchange information with the other driver that was involved in the accident {including their insurance company information}.

You’ll also be required to request for contact details of the witnesses that were on the scene.

The insurance company might need you to fill in an accident report in advance. Keep in mind that each state has its specific laws concerning an accident report. Suppose the crash caused damages worth over $1,500 to either of the vehicles or any property, you will be needed to file a report.

2. Where will you file the claim? First-Party or Third-Party Claim?

Another thing to consider when filling the claim is whether your insurance company will be responsible, or if you will have to file the claim with the other driver’s insurance company.

You will and can file the claim with your insurance company, whether you were at fault or not. Nonetheless, if you are not at fault at all, then you can file a claim with the other driver’s insurance company.

When you file the claim with your insurance company, it is called a first-party claim. Conversely, filing a claim with the other driver’s company is known as a third-party claim.

One good thing about filing a third-party claim is that you won’t be the subject to the deductibles. Never agree to settlements made by the other insurance company if you do not agree to any of them.

3. What should I do to get my vehicle repaired?

Getting your car repaired is another vital factor you must keep in mind. Remember that your insurance company will not obviously go for the actual cash value {ACV} or your vehicle if they want to determine how much the repairs will cost.

Rather, the insurer will look at the vehicle’s value at the specific time of the accident. You might also be required to send written estimates for the repair costs of the vehicle. With this documents, the insurance company can compare the repair costs to the estimated value of your vehicle and go for the cheapest option. Some insurance companies will let you choose your preferred repair shop, while others will refer you to a specific shop.

If you are having troubles filing a claim with your insurance company, you can always hire a reliable vehicle accident attorney to help you with the entire process.

Land Rover Freelander 1, 2 parts with worldwide delivery

Land Rover Freelander is a compact SUV which was designed and produced by the British car manufacturer Land Rover in 1997. Just as Range Rover Sport, Freelander is presented in two generations. Freelander 1 is a highly prestigious and trustworthy vehicle. Purposefully sporty and elegant, the Freelander 1 is the pure combination of ride and handling both on and off- road. Such vehicle’s sophistication requires authentic owner’s care.

By fitting high-quality and durable Land Rover Freelander 1 parts, you can be sure that your Freelander will continue to meet any challenge on and off the road. Choosing the right spare parts shop should be the main target of any Freelander owner. The taaarustworthy shop UKAR AUTO offers a wide range of aftermarket, Genuine and OEM Land Rover Freelander 1 parts for the highly competitive price. Freelander 1 is the perfect choice for those drivers who want to feel and try their vehicle. Freelander 1 provides dozens opportunities for off-road driving enthusiasts. More than that it is one of the cars to improve the performance. In UKAR AUTO’s catalog you can find various accessories to enhance the vehicle’s exterior and interior, everything from guard belts and mirrors to steering rods and mud flaps. With UKAR AUTO it will be easier than never to get even hard to find spare parts for your Freelander 1. Feel free to contact UKAR AUTO’s support team in case you have any question.

The second generation of the Freelander appeared in 2006 under the codename L359. The vehicle was released with a great triumph and immediately captured the hearts of Land Rover enthusiasts. When it was first presented, it started the revolution on the SUV market.

Freelander 2 is much bigger and bolder than its predecessor Freelander 1. It brought the drivers an updated fragrance to the bbbrange on release in 2006. UKAR AUTO online shop provides a huge assortment of accessories and Land Rover Freelander 2 parts to help improve and upgrade the elegant appearance of the vehicle. UKAR AUTO bothers about all Land Rovers and wants to keep them on the road. Many of you know that it is very hard to find the exact part for Freelander 2, that is why UKAR AUTO’s support teams is ready to do that for you. You can essentially save your precious time and money and let UKAR AUTO make your dream about vehicle’s improvement come true in the shortest time.

Take into attention that all Land Rover Freelander 2 parts offered in UKAR AUTO shop have a 30- day warranty, so if any spare part or accessory does not suit you, make several clicks and get the right items for your Freelander 2. UKAR AUTO offers a worldwide delivery right to your door, that is extremely convenient. In UKAR AUTO’s online store you can get desired durable Freelander 2 spares and accessories at reasonable and highly competitive prices. It is notable, that initially all Land Rover models were used for the farm needs. Nowadays Land Rover is the iconic British vehicle with a high reputation and many years of successful use.

Mercedes Benz B – Class

Mercedes Benz B-Class – What’s New Now

Mercedes Benz today announced its facelift model which is now available in all country.The Class B Foods complements the ingenuity of its conventional style with a series of new similar attributes to the new generation of the C-Class. The facelift showcasing new front and rear bumpers, daytime running lights with projectors, while LED rear lights get items.

While facelifts are usually left in bits of cosmetics, the company has been tweaked a little in this department. The same 2.1-liter diesel has also mandatory under the hood of CLA and GLA starts the engine and produces 135 hp and 300 Nm of torque. The petrol variant includes the gasoline of 1.6 liters engine that makes 121 bhp.


With revised grille with silver lining matt iridium, this newly released version has a particular appearance decent position rather sportier than its predecessor. The headlight panel design remains the same as its predecessor, but it is now with LED headlights with daytime running lights powerful signature offers an attractive dynamics of the façade equipped. The front bumper has been redesigned with fog lamps equipped with a lower metal coating. Come on pages which have a luminous structure with expressive waistline and carefully carved tusks.


A High-end variant is available with alloy wheels in 7-spoke 17-inch, which are covered with 225/45 R 17 tubeless radial size. The parameter ‘Style’ and launched new variant Edition 1 ‘a set of 16-inch are given five double spokes alloy wheels with matte black finish. These tires are covered radially with tires 205/55 R16 tubeless. For super enhanced wheels and rims, you can check the variety of designs from UsaRim.

Engine and performance

It is equipped with both petrol and diesel engines to choose from. Description of the gasoline with the same 1.6-liter mill displaces 1595cc. It is based on a valve configuration DOHC inline 4-cylinder 16-valve direct injection fuel supply. This mill can 120.7bhp 1250-4000 rpm at 5000rpm with 200Nm pump. Both systems are equipped with an advanced transmission 7-speed automatic transmission with double clutch that distributes the output torque to the front wheels.

However, the diesel engine has received modifications that increase the performance of the global power and torque. It is the same 2.2-liter diesel, in the line which has a capacity of 2143cc displacement. The cylindrical configuration also remains the same with 4 cylinders and 16 valves, which is received by the fourth generation common rail fuel injection technology.

Braking And Handling

No updates since its braking mechanism system or suspension, as the changes are primarily cosmetic in connection. With respect to the suspension a front axle and a four-link McPherson and a plus to get a four-link suspension system, the vehicle will maintain a good balance.This luxury tourism also offers a competent management zipper and pinion base with full STEER CONTROL, the excellent support in situations of critical driving.

The front wheels are equipped with a number of internally ventilated and perforated brake discs, while the rears are coupled to conventional disc brakes. Its front wheels are equipped with a set of internally ventilated and perforated brake discs, while its rear is coupled with a conventional disc brake.

Do You Need Auto Body Repair Services?

If you drive a car then it is very likely that you have been at the end of someone else’s mistakes at some point in your driving life. In fact, let’s face it, we can all make a mistake, and that can be costly when it affects the bodywork of your car.

Accidents can affect just about any part of the car and even if there is only minor damage to your auto you should still have it repaired as leaving it or trying to fix it yourself can set it up for even worse problems to occur. For example, if there is damage to the bodywork and that is not correctly or competently repaired, your car can be at the mercy of the elements, allowing rain to seep under the inferior repair work causing unseen rust to occur. The first you may know about it is if a hole develops, and that will then cost a lot more to deal with.

If you have had a minor or major run-in with another vehicle, or wall for that matter, then you should take your car to an auto body repair shop like body shop casa grande that will assess the whole of the damage and advise what exactly is needed to return your car to its original condition. This professional advice is usually free and once you accept the quote for the auto body repair services then the work can be started. All work is usually guaranteed for a specified period of time. Clearly, if you are involved in another collision or accident in the guarantee period, this will not be covered under the auto body repair guarantee.

Sometimes you may only need slight alterations or replacements rather than full auto body repairs and good repair shops will help you with this too. Very often minor bumps with an obstacle or other car can affect the auto’s bumper. This can range from a slight ripping to it hanging on for dear life. Clearly if it is not adequately attached to the car you will need to have it replaced. However, even for minor damage to your car’s bumper, it is worth considering replacing it.

Your car is your pride and joy and once you know there is a problem on the bumper, this will affect the way you feel about it. Even if it is barely visible to others, you will be aware every time you look at your car. To remove this irritating feeling you can choose to have it removed and a new one attached. This is usually a quick and easy process, unless your bumper is specially customized or is in a specialized color to match your car. In cases such as this it will take a little longer, but the result will be worth it.

You may not be aware, but auto repair body shops will take care of minor damage as well as extensive damage to cars. So, you should not be worried if your auto only needs minor work to address any imperfections gained as part of its life on the roads.

How to save your money for your auto

A quick way to save 20 to 40 or more cents per gallon of gas is to stop pumping premium and switch to regular grade. But how will you know if the switch is safe or if it will damage the engine in your car?

The key for drivers is to know whether premium gasoline is merely recommended for their car or if it’s required. In today’s automobiles, advances in engine technology mean that even if the owner’s manual recommends premium gasoline, the car will typically run on regular without issue and won’t damage the engine in any other way. The car’s performance might suffer only slightly: It might be a half-second slower from zero to 60 mph, for instance. But the average driver isn’t likely to notice this drop-off.

Drivers used to buy a tank of premium gas every once in a while to clean their engine. Years ago, premium gasoline contained more detergents and additives to stop carbon deposits. But experts say that because of government regulations aimed at cutting emissions, all grades of gas, including those you buy atindependent, low-price stations have plenty of additives to both protect engines and cut pollution.

Edmunds has compiled two lists: “premium recommended” and “premium required” for vehicles from the 2011-2016 model years (with some 2017 model-year vehicles). If your vehicle is on the “premium recommended” list, you’re OK to try switching to regular unleaded gasoline. If, on the other hand, your car is on the “premium required” list, then you have to run premium fuel. You can confirm the information on these lists by checking your owner’s manual.

Smarter Engines Protect Themselves
If you’re still in doubt about switching to a lower-octane fuel, here’s a deeper explanation of why the change is unlikely to hurt your car.

First of all, premium gas is more expensive because it contains a higher percentage of octane. Why is this important? When vaporized gas mixes with air and fills the combustion chamber, it is compressed by the rising pistons. This makes the gas-air mixture grow hot and it could ignite before the spark plug fires, pushing backward on the piston. Higher-octane fuels can be compressed to a greater degree without self-igniting. That’s why premium gas is used in high-performance engines.

In the old days, engines could not adjust to fuels with varying octane ratings. Use the wrong fuel and the engine would knock or “ping” audibly because the gas exploded prematurely. This knocking damaged internal engine components over time.

Today, engine control systems can compensate for low octane by monitoring knock activity and adjusting ignition advance to avoid knocking. This sophisticated electronic capability effectively tunes the engine on the fly and gives drivers more flexibility in the grade of fuels that they can safely use.

Compared to premium gasoline, lower-octane fuels don’t allow the engine to run as much ignition advance during situations calling for rapid acceleration. More ignition advance allows the engine to make more power, and accelerate more quickly, during these conditions. Since the engine doesn’t make quite as much power with lower-octane fuels, this translates into slower acceleration in cars for which premium fuel is recommended. The performance loss is especially noticeable in turbocharged gasoline engines, which have become increasingly popular in recent years.

The performance loss, however, is something you will only notice if you have a heavy foot and accelerate rapidly from a dead stop or while changing lanes at highway speeds. But if you accelerate moderately, the loss of power is barely noticeable, regardless of whether you use premium or regular-grade fuel.

When Premium Can Be a Money-Saver
Edmunds has noted, however, at least one case in which a car with a small turbocharged engine got better fuel economy when running on premium. The car in question was a 2011 Chevrolet Cruze LTZ and, perhaps befitting a car that’s marketed as a money saver, the owner’s manual only calls for regular unleaded gasoline. Yet in a specific test we noticed that we got better fuel economy (and ultimately saved a bit of money) by using premium fuel. One factor affecting the outcome of the experiment might have been that the testing was conducted in extreme hot-weather conditions, however.

If you want to see if you can save money by using premium gas in a car for which it’s recommended but that doesn’t require it, conduct your own test project. Monitor your fuel economy and performance over at least two tanks of premium gas. Record the trip mileage, gallons used, fuel price and octane rating in a notebook or in an app such as Road Trip or on a site such as Fuelly. If your car has an onboard fuel economy meter, make sure you reset it when filling up. Then, fill up on the same number of tanks of regular gasoline and record all the same data. Finally, compare the results. You’re looking for a drop-off in fuel economy or a sense that the car is slower or hesitant under strong acceleration.

Tips for Protecting Your Car

In Everett, Washington, Jasmine Vandelac awakened one morning to discover that someone had ransacked the Honda Odyssey minivan and Toyota Tacoma truck parked in her driveway and made off with her husband’s electric guitar. Vandelac has security cameras mounted around her home, but when she watched the video from around 2 a.m., she was puzzled.

“It was a group of four men who came down the driveway at the same time,” she recalls. “Each went to a different side of the vehicles. Then one man took something out of his pocket — it looked to be about the size of a cell phone — and aimed it at the cars. Then, instantly, the lights went on and all four doors opened.”

Vandelac is sure that both vehicles were locked. Nevertheless, the thieves apparently were able to open the vehicles’ keyless-entry systems as readily as if they’d been using the smart keys that she says were inside her home.

The still-unsolved theft is just one of numerous reports over the past year, in locales ranging from Sausalito, California, and Yukon, Oklahoma, to Saginaw County, Michigan. Criminals are gaining entry to parked cars, apparently by tricking their keyless-entry systems into unlocking the doors.

None of the perpetrators have been caught, and the gadgetry they are using remains mysterious. But some electronic security experts believe that the criminals may be exploiting the convenience of keyless-entry systems, which are designed to detect and authenticate the smart key inside a car owner’s pocket as he or she pulls on the door handle. They say that if the thieves can amplify the car’s signal (a “relay attack,” in electronics lingo) it can be fooled into using the owner’s key to open the doors, even if that key actually is on a nightstand or the kitchen table inside the house.

But the vulnerability doesn’t stop with the doors. European researchers actually have used the same sort of electronic trickery to start cars’ ignitions and drive them away — though fortunately, thieves haven’t followed suit. At least not yet.

The hacking of keyless-entry systems is so new that there isn’t yet any reliable data on how often it is occurring, says Carol Kaplan, director of public affairs at the National Crime Insurance Bureau, an industry organization that tracks auto thefts and break-ins.

“But we hear increasingly from law enforcement agencies that we work with that there are more and more cases like this,” she says. “One problem is that it’s very hard to prove that a car has been broken into by using this method. There’s no evidence left behind, no broken glass or scratches on your car. All you know is that you come back, and your stuff is gone.”

Lease a Used Car

Most car deals made at new car dealerships can be neatly lumped into one of three categories: new car purchases, used car purchases and new car leases. However, there is an often overlooked fourth category: used car leases.

Used car leases are a bit of a secret in the franchised car dealership world. Not all dealerships offer them, and it’s unlikely you’ll see them advertised on television, on a dealership website or in the Sunday paper.

You can get a used car lease, although it takes legwork. If you put in the time to find a franchised car dealer that can execute a used car lease, you’ll likely be rewarded with a significantly lower monthly payment than that of a new car lease.

How Does Used Car Leasing Work?
Used cars available for lease from franchised car dealerships will, as a rule, be certified pre-owned (CPO) vehicles less than four years old, with fewer than 48,000 miles on the odometer.

Used car leases follow the same basic structure as new car leases. The lender writing the lease will determine the vehicle’s residual value, and the lease payments will be determined by the difference between the vehicle’s sale price and its residual value. In most cases, the lender will be an automaker’s “captive” financing company. Think Toyota Financial at a Toyota dealership.

The lender writing the lease will assign a money factor (interest rate) to the deal, just as in a new car lease. And just as interest rates tend to be higher on used car loans, a used car’s money factor will likely be higher than the money factor for a new car lease. Even so, the higher money factor is coupled with the used car’s lower sale price and lower rate of depreciation, usually resulting in a lower overall payment. Shoppers who lease used cars are able to buy out the vehicle at the end of lease, just as they can with new leased cars.

During my 12 years selling and leasing cars, I saw buyers shave anywhere from $40-$125 per month from their monthly payments by opting to lease used instead of new.

A note of caution: This story only deals with used car leases done by franchised dealerships, which are the only ones that can offer true CPO cars. You may hear about used car leases from independent “Buy Here, Pay Here” dealerships. Such leases frequently come with a lot of strings attached and you should scrutinize the terms very carefully.

How To Do a Used Car Lease, Step by Step
Pick a brand that does used car leases: According to Edmunds data, these automakers’ captives financed used car lease deals in 2015: Acura, Audi, BMW, Chrysler (which includes financing for vehicles from Dodge, Fiat, Jeep, Ram and SRT), Ferrari, Honda, Hyundai, Infiniti, Kia, Lexus, Lincoln, Mazda, Mercedes-Benz,Mini, Mitsubishi, Nissan, Porsche, Toyota, Volkswagen and Volvo.

The exceptions are Ford Credit and  GM Financial, which finances vehicles from Buick, Chevrolet, Cadillac and GMC, according to spokespeople from those captive finance companies.

Have a point of comparison: To effectively judge if a used car lease is a good enough value to bypass a new car lease, you have to have something to compare it to. If you don’t already have a lease quote for a new version of the car you want, get one. With that benchmark in hand, you can start shopping.

Find the car: has plenty of tools to help you find the right used car. Search for the model you’re most interested in and remember to home in on CPO vehicles. Because you are shopping in the used market, you may not readily find your preferred color combination or mix of features. Be flexible. Select a few cars from different dealers. That way, if the first dealership you talk to isn’t able to help with a used car lease, you’ll have other choices.

Find a dealer who’ll do the deal: Since used car leasing is not the norm in the car business, finding a dealership that can help you will likely take some time and patience. You may have to call a few dealerships to find one that is set up to lease used cars.